Quick and Easy Helmets

By changing weight of yarn and hook size,
these instructions will make helmets to fit
a range of head sizes:

Newborn to 3 months -14 to 15 1/2" head-
Sport weight (24 stitch) yarn with 3.50 mm hook.

3 months to 1 year -16 to 19" head-
DK weight (22 stitch) yarn with 4.00 mm hook.

6 months to 3 years -18 to 21" head-
Knitting Worsted (20 stitch) yarn with 5.00 mm hook.

Use worsted weight yarn
5 mm hook gives gauge for larger size (7 stitches to 2 inches)
4.5/4.75 mm hook will give gauge for the smaller size (4 stitches to 1 inch)

PATTERN -These instructions will make the Basic Helmet, the Striped or Spiral Helmet.
Feel free to change colors as desired.
The term "round" could be substituted for row" in the patterns. Use whichever term you are more comfortable with.

Also on this page:
Basic Helmet
Helmet with Folded Brim
Striped Helmet
Spiral Helmet
Tunisian Stitch Helmet



The Basic Helmet.

Made with Blue Variegated Yarn

Top of Helmet:
Chain 4, join.
Row 1: Ch 3, 11 dc in ring. Join with sl st. (12)
Row 2: Ch 3, dc in same space, 2 dc in each dc around. Join with slip stitch to top of chain 3. (24)
Row 3: Ch 3, 2 dc in next st, *dc, 2 dc.repeat from * around.Join with sl st. (36)
Row 4: Ch 3, dc in next st, 2 dc in next st, *dc, dc, 2 dc. Repeat from * around. Join with sl st. (48)
Row 5: Ch 3, dc in next st, dc in next st, 2 dc in next st, *dc in each of the next 3 stitches, 2 dc in next stitch. Repeat from * around. Join with sl st. (60)

Side of Helmet:
Rows 1-5: Dc in each dc around. slip stitch join, Ch 3

Ear Flap #1
At end of row 5:
Row 1: Ch 1, sc in same space and next 8 stitches, Ch 1, Turn
Row 2: Sc, 2tog, sc, sc, sc, 2tog, sc, Ch 1, turn
Row 3: Sc, ch 1, turn
Row 4: Sc, 2tog, sc, 2tog, sc, Ch 1, turn
Row 5 : Sc Ch 1, turn
Row 6: Sc, Sc3tog, sc, Ch 1, turn
Row 7: Sc3tog, slip stitch in next stitch, Fasten off.

Second Ear Flap
Join yarn in 22nd stitch after end of row 1 of first ear flap.
Follow instructions for First Ear Flap for 6 rows.
Row 7: Sc3tog. Do not Fasten Off.

Ties and Edging:
Chain 50, slip stitch in 2nd chain from hook and each chain to the end.
-Sc along side of ear flap, across ends of rows, along first side of 2nd earflap.
-Chain 50, sl st in 2nd ch from hk and
-Sc along side of earflap, across ends of rows, along second side of first earflap. Fasten off.

Top of Helmet –5 ½ - 6 inches
Side of Helmet –2 ¾ - 3 inches.
Ear flaps are 2 ½ inches wide by 2 inches long
50 chains are approximately 12 inches long
The finished tie is 10 inches long.

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Helmet with Folded Brim
The following pattern adds the folded up brim
and the earflaps to the basic helmet.
Color changes are made at the Slip Stitch join
at the end of the row.

Top of Helmet:
Chain 4, join.
Row 1: Ch 3, 11 dc in ring. Join with sl st. (12)
Row 2: Ch 3, dc in same space, 2 dc in each dc Join with sl st. (24)
Row 3: Ch 3, 2 dc in next st,*dc in next stitch, 2 dc in next stitch. Repeat from * around. Join with sl st. (36)
Row 4: Ch 3, dc in next st, 2 dc in next st, *Dc in each of next 2 stitches, 2 dc in next stitch. Repeat frrom * around. Join with sl st. (48)
Row 5: Ch 3, dc in next st, dc in next st, 2 dc in next st,*Dc in each of next 3 stitches, 2 dc in next stitch.Repeat from * around. Join with sl st. (60)

Side of Helmet:
Rows 1-5: Ch 3 Dc in each dc, slip stitch join,

Folded up Brim:
At the end of the 5th row of the side, Chain 3, Turn.
Working in the back loops only, DC around the helmet.
Slip stitch to the 3rd chain of the starting chain 3.
Chain 3, work a second row of DC in both loops. Fasten off.

Ear Flaps:
Place markers 19 stitches either side of back seam.
Join yarn at first marker and sc in free loops of last row to second marker (38 sc).
Work 2 more rows sc. Chain 1, Turn.

Sc2Tog, sc in next 8 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 6 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 4 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 2 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, Sc2Tog, Fasten off.

Skip 14 stitches. Join yarn in next stitch.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 8 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 6 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 4 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, sc in next 2 sc, Sc2Tog, Chain 1, Turn.
Sc2Tog, Sc2Tog, Fasten of.

Ties:
Join yarn in first stitch after flap, chain 1, sc.
Sc up side of flap.
Top 2 stitches of flap:
Sc in first stitch, Sc2tog, Chain 50 and slip stitch back 49 chains.
Slip stitch in side of sc2tog, sc in second top stitch.

Sc down side of flap, in each stitch between flaps, and up side of second flap to top stitches of second flap.
Top 2 stitches of flap:
Sc in first stitch, Sc2tog, Chain 50 and slip stitch back 49 chains.
Slip stitch in side of sc2tog, sc in second top stitch.

Sc down side of second flap, sc in first stitch after flap and fasten off.

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The Striped Helmet
The Pink Stripes are done by following the basic pattern at the top of the page and changing color, starting on the second round, for alternate sections. (*...*) Indicates a section. The last 5 rows -the sides of the helmet- continue the color change every 5 stitches.
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The Spiral Helmet

Instructions for the Spiral Helmet
This Helmet uses the same (*...*)pattern that is used in the basic helmet
but now the color changes don't match the (*...*) pattern.
Hence the spiral effect.

Chain 4, join with slip stitch

  • Row 1: With White, Ch 3, 11 dc in ring. Join.
  • Row 2: White-chain 3, dc in same stitch; *2 dc in same stitch with Blue; 2 dc in next stitch with white*; continue around. Join.
  • Row 3: With white, Chain 3; * with Blue, 2 dc in next st, dc in next; with white, 2 dc in next st, dc in next*; end row with white 2 dc in last st. Join.
  • Row 4: With white, ch 3, dc in next;*with blue, 2 dc in next, dc in next 2; with white, 2 dc in next, dc in next 2; * end row with white, dc in last 2 sts. Join.
  • Row 5: With white, chain 3, dc in next 2; * with blue, dc in next 3, 2 dc in next; with white, dc in next 3, 2 dc in next;* end round with white, 2 dc in last st. Join.
  • Side Row 1: With white, chain 3 and dc in next 3 sts; * with blue, dc in next 5; with white, dc in next 5;* end with white, 1 dc in last st. Join.
  • Side Row 2: With white, chain 3, dc x 4; *with blue, dc x 5; with white, dc x 5;* Join.
  • Side Row 3: With blue, chain 3; *with white, dc x 5; with blue, dc x 5;*end with blue, dc x 4. Join.
  • Side Row 4: With blue, chain 3, dc in next; *with white, dc x 5; with blue, dc x 5 *; end with blue, dc x 4. Join.
  • Side Row 5: With blue, chain 3, dc x 2; *with white, dc x 5; with blue, dc x 5;* end with blue, dc x 2. Join.
For Earflaps and Ties, use the Basic Helmet instructions.

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Basic Helmet in Tunisian Crochet

Helmet was done in 28 stitch yarn
on a 4.00 mm (F-5) hook.
It will fit a 12" circumference head.

Several special techniques have been used/created for this helmet.
This pattern might best be left
for a person with experience in Tunisian Crochet.

The rows are worked vertically in Basic Afghan Stitch.
By using "short rows", the top of the helmet is made as a disk in 8 segments.
At the same time, the sides and ear flaps are being worked.

The short rows are done at the end of each forward row and will be explained once.
Each section of the top will follow the same short row sequence.
At the same time the top of the helmet is being worked in short rows,
the sides and flaps are worked at the start of the forward rows.
Since this does not involve a regular sequence, the pattern only gives
the needed information to work the flaps and sides.

SHORT ROW:
Work the usual forward row but do not go to the end of the row.
Insert hook through the last vertical loop of the short row,
YO, pull through 1 loop, YO and pull through 2 loops and finish the return row.

The above image is for the weaving of the back seam at the end
of the pattern but the short rows are also visible to the left of the weaving.
The short rows are the 2nd - 4th rows -and form a "V"-
from the left side of the image.

SHAPING ROW:
A short row that is 2 stitches shorter than the shortest short row. (there are 4 of these rows and are needed to give the correct size to this helmet).

INCREASE:
On Forward Row, insert hook under the 2 horizontal strands between the 2nd and 3rd vertical loops, YO and pull up a loop.

DECREASE:
On Forward Row, insert hook under the 2nd and 3rd vertical loops and pull a loop through both loops at the same time.

MATERIALS:
28 stitch yarn,
4.00 mm (f-5) afghan hook or a long shank crochet hook.
3.50 mm (E-4) crochet hook for edging and ties.
Several split ring markers or equivilent.

PATTERN:
Chain 4, join with a slip stitch into a ring, chain 24.
Row 1: (Short Row) Work a basic Forward Row for a total of 19 loops on the hook,
(place marker on this stitch), YO, and work a basic Return Row.

Row 2: (Short Row) Forward Row and add one more stitch
(total of 20 loops now on the hook). Return. (this won't be mentioned again).

Row 3: Work even (in other words, don't increase or decrease at the start of
the forward row but DO add one more stitch at the end. (21 loops on the hook).

Row 4: Shaping Row -work a short row that is 2 loops less
than the 1st short row -the one with the marker on it).

Row 5: Work Even. (add 1 more stitch to the short row. Since this is the pattern of the short rows, it won't be mentioned again).

Row 6: Work even. At the end of the return row, chain 1.

Row 7: Increase 1. (Pull up a loop in the 2nd vertical loop, between the 2nd and 3rd vertical loops and continue in the vertical loops to the end of the row.)
**This is the first complete row so to work the return row, insert the hook
in the chain 4 circle, YO, and pull through 2 loops to start**, continue pulling through
2 loops at a time (normal return row.)

Row 8: One complete segment of the top is now complete,
so the short rows start again. Increase 1 at the start of the forward row
but only work to the vertical loop that
was marked on row 1(move marker as needed).

Row 9: Increase row.

Row 10: Increase row.

Row 11: Increase row. (place marker in first loop).

Row 12: Work even, place marker in 1st loop.

Row 13: (End of 2nd section of short rows,
refer to the ** - ** section of row 7)
Also a decrease row. (Insert hook through the 2nd
and 3rd loops and pull a loop through both together).

Row 14 - 17: All decrease rows but the short row sequence continues.

Row 18: Special decrease row -Insert hook through next vertical loop, YO,
and pull loop through vertical loop and the loop on the hook. 4 times (4 slip stitches).

Row 19: Shaping Row -see row 4.

Row 20: Work even -end of next seqence of short rows.

Rows 21 - 33: Work even, maintaining the sequence of short rows.

Row 34: Shaping Row -a short row 2 loops shorter than the marked short row.

Row 35: Work even, at the end of the return row, chain 4.

Row 36 (special Increase Row): Insert hook in the top loop of the
2nd chain from hook, YO, and pull loop through. Insert Hook in bottom loop of 2nd chain and pull a loop through (increase made),
insert hook in top loop of 3rd chain and pull a loop through,
insert hook in top loop of 4th chain and pull a loop through,
continue with a normal forward row using the vertical loops.

Row 37 - 40: Work increase between 2nd and 3rd loop of each row.

Row 41: Increase row. Place marker.

Row 42: Work even. Place marker.

Rows 43 - 46: Work 1 decrease in each row.

Row 47: Work 1 slip stitch at beginning of forward row then work even.

Row 48: Work even.

Row 49: Shaping Row.

Rows 50 - 52: Work even. Fasten off and leave a long tail
(4 times the length of the seam will be ample) for weaving the seam.


Weaving the Back Seam:
The image, above, shows the weaving of the back seam. The yellow yarn and several missed loops are used only to make the process more visible. Using the long tail left when the last row was finished, weave through the vertical loops from side to side and pull snug. The finished weaving will look almost like another row of loops.

Ties and Edging:
Change to the smaller hook.
With the left ear flap toward you, join yarn with a single crochet
1 stitch before the flap.
Work 1 single crochet in each stitch to the top of the flap.

Image shows working the top 2 stitches of the flap.
SC in the first stitch, Pull a loop in the same stitch,
and the 2nd stitch of the top, YO and pull through 3 loops on the hook. (SC2Tog)
Chain 50 for the ties and slip stitch back to the SC2Tog.

Image shows finishing the first tie.
Insert hook under all 3 loops at the left side of the SC2Tog
and pull up a loop. SC in the 2nd loop of the top
and sc down the side of the flap.

SC in each of the first 2 stitches between the flaps,
SC2Tog, sc to the last 4 stitches between the flaps,
SC2Tog, sc in the last 2 stitches before the 2nd flap.
Work the 2nd flap in the same manner as the 1st flap.
SC in the first stitch after the second flap and fasten off.

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